Latin Name: Cannabis Sativa

Alternative names: marijuana, hemp, cannabis, hashish, bhang, kef, kif, charas, ganja, sinsemilla

Botanical information: the plant belongs to the Cannabaceae family. Hemp is an annual plant with a specific odor and can reach a height of four meters. Ribbed, erect stems are complemented with serrate leaves. The fruits of such a dioecious plant have a spherical shape. The herb blooms in the summer, and the fruits ripen in early September.

Type of used material: bloomy top (female specimen), seeds, young leaves, young shoots

Origin: cannabis was introduced into culture for a thousand of years BC in Central Asia. The peoples of China, Mongolia, and India have long grown it. Hemp came from the Scythians to the Slavs in the V century BC.

Distribution Area: Mexico, Jamaica, Netherlands, USA, Afghanistan, Australia, Kazakhstan, Canada, Nigeria, Colombia.


  • resin
  • fatty oil
  • vitamin K
  • cholesterol
  • choline
  • sugars
  • saponins
  • edestin
  • alkaloids
  • phytoncides
  • essential oils
  • carotene
  • tetrahydrocannabinol
  • cannabidiolic acid
  • delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol

Hemp seeds contain resin, up to 40% fatty oil, vitamin K, cholesterol, choline, sugar, saponins, edestin. Leaves and young shoots contain alkaloids, phytoncides, essential oil and carotene.


Medical use of cannabis is very limited. Not every country is allowed to use hemp as a medicinal raw material. This is allowed only in the US and the District of Columbia. Also in such states as: California, Colorado, Washington, Montana Arizona, Alaska, Nevada, New Mexico, New Jersey, Oregon, Vermont, Delaware, Maine, Hawaii, Michigan and Washington.

In the pre-revolutionary period, cannabis extracts and tinctures were used as a soothing, an analgesic and as an easy hypnotic cure. This plant has also anti-inflammatory and softening properties. Juice from leaves or shoots of cannabis is used as a laxative. It is also useful for kidneys diseases, as a diuretic for cystitis, and as a sedative as well as with a strong cough.

Cannabis poultices have a softening and analgesic effect and also they are prescribed for rheumatism, boils and swelling.

In addition, it is capable of curing a huge number of various diseases. These include arthritis, rickets, neurasthenia, diathesis, anemia and gout.

Hemp seeds in ancient times were often prescribed internally for metabolic disorders. As a tincture or a decoction, you can apply it for cystitis, hemorrhoids, urinary retention, with severe cough, jaundice and pulmonary tuberculosis. Nowadays you can easily purchase high-quality liquid Hemp (Cannabis Sativa) Tincture from Organic Dried Seeds produced by Herbalterra without leaving home.

And in combination with ordinary table salt, hemp oil gives a good anthelmintic effect. Tincture from the tops of the plant is used to calm the nervous system.


  • helps maintaining a hormonal balance
  • regenerates and energizes the skin’s protective layer
  • is great for vegetarians
  • helps lowering cholesterol
  • can be good for diabetics
  • can help prevent psoriasis
  • can boost your immunity
  • helps preventing demyelination of nervous system
  • can help preventing varicose veins


  • it’s an anticoagulant
  • it can increase prostate cancer risk
  • in high doses, it could cause diarrhea or cramps
  • it shouldn’t be heated


Naturally, as with any substance, cannabinoids are contraindicated when having severe kidney and liver diseases with a deficiency in the function of these organs in a state of decompensation. The same applies to cardiovascular insufficiency, as well as severe diseases of the cardiovascular system, such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, vascular accidents; cannabinoids cause tachycardia (increased heart rate), which does not have a good effect on the exhausted heart.


  • The more frequent use the more form of a dependence.
  • Cannabis causes headaches and darkens the eyesight.
  • It is also harmful to the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Scientists around the world have noticed that hemp, marijuana or any of its components strongly and irretrievably dry the male seed and the man becomes sterile.
  • Exceeding the dose leads to such symptoms as tremor of the extremities, increased sweating, nausea, tachycardia, fainting and dizziness.
  • Overdose also affects the central nervous system; a person can see “pink elephants”. Difficulty in speech and speed of thinking, severe hallucinations, significantly impaired coordination of motion or partial immobility is manifested.
  • Very short-term memory caused by the plant after consumption does not contribute to logic.


Scientists have reason to believe that cannabis can reduce insulin resistance, improve the metabolism, and also the level of sugar in the blood. However, most of the data is based on large-scale epidemiological studies that analyze general patterns, including the causes and consequences of different health conditions in specific population groups.

So far, there is no precise evidence that cannabis can interact without side effects with other medicine. There is also a risk that, together with some medicine, marijuana can greatly reduce glucose levels. Therefore, do not experiment without the participation of doctors, in order to reduce potential risks in advance.

Simultaneous activity of the receptors causes a cardiovascular stress response that can increase myocardial oxygen consumption, while decreasing blood flow in the coronary arteries. Therefore, those who take medications to lower blood pressure should know that cannabis can aggravate the situation.

Hemp can enhance the action of drugs used for blood clotting (for example, warfarin or heparin) or drugs that, on the contrary, have coagulation as a side effect (ibuprofen, naproxen). How? Perhaps slowing down the metabolism of these drugs.

It can be concluded that cannabis increases the analgesic effects of opioids or even reduces the dose of opioids in combination with marijuana, thereby reducing the risk of dependence and the number of side effects.

In combination with sedatives, cannabis causes an additive effect. Although mixing these two substances is not as risky as mixing alcohol and sedatives, the mix is ​​still risky and it is better to avoid such combinations.


If you consume any blood thinners (anticoagulants), consult a doctor before taking hempseed preparations. The oil that contains in hempseeds can decelerate the process of blood clotting, thereby bleeding can take place.

“I think people need to be educated to the fact that marijuana is not a drug, it is an herb and a flower”

Willie Nelson

*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.