LATIN NAME: Syzygium aromaticum

FAMILY: Myrtaceae

GENUS: Syzygium

ORIGIN: native to the Maluku Islands (or Moluccas) in Indonesia

DISTRIBUTION AREA: in Bangladesh, Indonesia, India, Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania

BOTANICAL INFORMATION: Clove is an evergreen shrub or tree with a pyramidal crown, which has a strong aroma. Leaves are leathery, opposite, petiolate, elliptical, glabrous, and dark green. Flowers are purple-red, small, collected in complex semi umbels. Fruit is a false berry.


Clove buds contain up to 20% of essential oil and about 20% of tannins. The main component of clove essential oil is eugenol (70-90%), it also contains 3% of acetyl eugenol and caryophyllene, which is an unclean mixture of sesquiterpenes, vanillin, protein substances and mineral salts.

The composition of dried inflorescences includes:

  • beta-carotene
  • vitamins of group B (B1, B2, B3 or PP, B4, B6, B9)
  • ascorbic acid
  • tocopherol (vitamin E)
  • phylloquinone (vitamin K)

Mineral substances are represented by micro and macro elements, such as:

  • potassium
  • calcium
  • sodium
  • magnesium
  • phosphorus
  • iron
  • manganese
  • copper
  • selenium
  • zinc

There are glycosides and mucus in the clove buds.


Clove has the following health properties:

  • antiseptic
  • anesthetics
  • toning
  • soothing
  • anti-virus
  • diuretics
  • diaphoretic
  • spasmolytic
  • wound healing
  • antimicrobial

Use in medicine:

  • Clove is used to normalize blood pressure.
  • It is useful for normalization of the gastrointestinal tract functioning. It stimulates the production of digestive juices, increases appetite, and normalizes the digestion of food. This spice is widely used in the treatment for colitis, intestinal colic, flatulence, diarrhea, rectal diseases.
  • Antiseptic properties of the clove have found wide application in dentistry. If you have a toothache, just chew the bud of the clove tree. This will not only save you from suffering, but will also give freshness to breathing no worse than any mint chewing gum. It favorably affects the gums, and is used to treat periodontal disease.
  • Clove is recommended to use in order to normalize the course of the menstrual cycle.
  • Clove is used for treating colds. Mix a pinch of ground clove buds and a teaspoon of honey. Take twice a day.
  • When having a dry cough it is recommended to chew the cloves.
  • You can get rid of intestinal parasites with the help of cloves.
  • Clove helps to overcome hiccups.
  • Clove is an aphrodisiac, which awakens sexual desire.
  • It treats joint diseases (arthritis, arthrosis).
  • Decoction made from clove buds is the remedy treating eye diseases. It also removes puffiness around the eyes.
  • Clove is a wonderful remedy for people with low blood pressure. You can just chew clove buds. They will act like caffeine.
  • Clove essential oil has a beneficial effect on the patients suffered from asthma.
  • This spice accelerates the recovery process after physical or mental overwork, relieves stress, soothes.
  • Clove can lower the speed of the growth of cancer cells.
  • Surprisingly, the clove has at once two opposite actions: it tones up and relieves spasms. It is able to relax and tone up at the same time. On the one hand, the clove is able to relieve spasm of the musculature of the gastrointestinal tract, on the other one, to tone the muscles of the uterus and raise blood pressure (therefore, the clove is contraindicated in pregnant women and people with hypertension).


  • Clove increases the acidity of the stomach, as a result causes heartburn.
  • It increases muscle tone. This is harmful for pregnant women, since it can provoke miscarriage or damage the health of an unborn baby.
  • Clove oil can sometimes cause damage to the gums, tooth pulp, skin, and mucous membranes.
  • Dried clove can also cause mouth sensitivity and irritation, as well as damage to dental tissues.

Clove is contraindicated:

  • children (up to two years)
  • high blood pressure
  • pregnancy and breast-feeding
  • the general state of fatigue and the state of internal tension
  • gastritis with high acidity
  • bleeding disorders
  • surgery


Minor Interaction with Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs):

Clove can decelerate blood clotting. Simultaneous taking of clove and antiplatelet medications such as aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others can strengthen the risks of bruising and bleeding. Before using, consult a doctor.


Clove infusion: add 1 tablespoon of the crushed clove to 1 liter of water, infuse for 24 hours. Take 50 ml of infusion for 10 days before bedtime. This remedy helps to get rid of many gynecological problems in a short time.

Clove decoction: chop several clove flowers and pour 200ml of hot boiling water. Then leave it for an hour to infuse. When ready, divide it into three equal parts. Drink three times a day, before eating. This decoction will help to get rid of intestinal parasites.

“Eat less from a box and more from the Earth”

 *This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.