Latin Name: Allium sativum
Origin: is native to Central Asia and northeastern Iran
Distribution Area: is a common seasoning worldwide
Botanical Information: The leaves are of considerable length, narrowing and plane. The bulb consists of several bulblets, known technically as 'cloves. The flowers are placed at the end of a stem rising direct from the bulb and are whitish, grouped together in a globular head.
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIONS
- nitrogenous substances
- phosphoric acids
- vitamin C, D, B
- essential oils
Due to its rich and curative composition, garlic has such properties as:
- wound healing
HEALTH BENEFITS OF GARLIC
The use various garlic tinctures and fresh cloves stimulate digestion. The vigorous taste causes excessive salivation, increases appetite. As a result, the food is more fully absorbed. Garlic is useful in the treatment of intestinal atony, meteorism, hemorrhoids and constipation.
Regular taking of garlic helps to lower the cholesterol blood level, prevent formation of hemoliths. The plant is useful for stenocardia; it reduces the heart rate while increasing its amplitude.
Garlic is used with migraine, frequent dizziness, insomnia, memory impairment. Useful properties of garlic help to cope with diseases of the upper respiratory tract: pneumonia, bronchial asthma, bronchitis, as well as cold and flu.
The phytoncides, produced by the plant, inhibit or destroy effectively gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria: staphylococci, streptococci, diphtheria bacillus and many others. Its antiseptic and analgesic properties are successfully applied externally when having purulent and non-healing wounds, for the reduction of warts and calluses, for the removal of the effects of insect bites.
Allicin, which has a strong bactericidal effect, is an organosulfur compound obtained from garlic. It suppresses the activity of bacteria. This property is used to treat colds. Allicin helps to relieve the tension of the walls of the vessels, which is the main cause of the increased blood pressure.
It is believed that people, who consume garlic regularly, are much less likely to suffer from cancer. At present, it has been reliably established that phytoncides reduce the attack of the cancer cells.
Garlic is useful to cleanse the organism from the intestinal parasites. It is actively used in antiparasitic programs.
The easiest way to use garlic is to eat a few cloves during dinner. It is recommended to chew lemon, parsley, rinse your mouth with milk to eliminate the unpleasant odor.
Garlic tincture for cleaning the vessels:
Pour 500 ml of vodka over 100 g of chopped garlic. Leave the tincture in a cool dark place for 4 weeks and shake it periodically. Then strain and take 1 teaspoon 3 times a day before meals.
Garlic tincture has a beneficial effect on the condition of the vessel elasticity. Prophylactic taking prevents the formation of tumors, increases the rate of metabolic processes, improves vision, normalizes pressure, entotic sound disappears. Garlic tincture is used to prevent the formation of kidney and bladder stones.
POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
- a bad breath
- a burning sensation in the mouth or stomach
- body odor
- asthma and other allergic reactions
- pregnancy and breast-feeding
- bleeding disorder
- stomach or digestion problems
- low blood pressure
Major Interaction with Isoniazid (Nydrazid, INH):
Garlic can lessen the amount of imbibed isoniazid (Nydrazid, INH). This can lower the effectiveness of isoniazid (Nydrazid, INH). Simultaneous taking of garlic and isoniazid (Nydrazid, INH) is prohibited.
Major Interaction with Medications used for HIV/AIDS (Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs)):
The organism fissions medications used for HIV/AIDS in order to remove them from the body. Garlic can enlarge the speed of fission of some medication for HIV/AIDS such as nevirapine (Viramune), delavirdine (Rescriptor), and efavirenz (Sustiva). Contemporaneous taking of garlic and listed medications can lessen the efficacy of the medications used for HIV/AIDS.
Major Interaction with Saquinavir (Fortovase, Invirase):
The organism fissions saquinavir (Fortovase, Invirase) in order to remove it from the body. Garlic can enlarge the speed of fission of saquinavir. Concurrent consumption of garlic and saquinavir (Fortovase, Invirase) can lessen the efficacy of saquinavir (Fortovase, Invirase).
Moderate Interaction with Birth control pills (Contraceptive drugs):
Some Contraceptive drugs include estrogen. The organism fissions the estrogen in Contraceptive drugs in order to remove it from the body. Garlic can enlarge the speed of fission of estrogen. Parallel taking of garlic along with Contraceptive drugs such as ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel (Triphasil), ethinyl estradiol and norethindrone (Ortho-Novum 1/35, Ortho-Novum 7/7/7), and others can lessen the efficacy of the listed medications.
Moderate Interaction with Cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune):
The organism fissions the cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune) in order to remove it from the body. Garlic can enlarge the speed of fission of cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune). Simultaneous using of garlic and cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune) is prohibited because it can lessen the efficacy of the cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune).
Moderate Interaction with Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) substrates):
Such medications as acetaminophen, chlorzoxazone (Parafon Forte), ethanol, theophylline, and drugs used for anesthesia during surgery such as enflurane (Ethrane), halothane (Fluothane), isoflurane (Forane), and methoxyflurane (Penthrane) are altered and destroyed by the liver. Garlic oil can lessen the process of breaking some medications down by the liver. Concurrent consumption of garlic oil and listed medications can intensify the effectiveness as well as side effects of these medications. Before taking garlic oil be sure to consult a doctor if you take any medications which are changed by the liver.
Moderate Interaction with Medications changed by the liver (Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) substrates):
Such medications as lovastatin (Mevacor), ketoconazole (Nizoral), itraconazole (Sporanox), fexofenadine (Allegra), triazolam (Halcion), and many others are altered and destroyed by the liver. Garlic can enlarge the speed of breaking of some medications. Parallel taking garlic and listed medications can lessen the efficacy of the medications. Before taking garlic be sure to consult a doctor if you take any medications which are changed by the liver.
Moderate Interaction with Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs):
Garlic can decelerate blood clotting. Simultaneous taking of garlic and antiplatelet medications such as aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others can strengthen the risks of bruising and bleeding. Before using, consult a doctor.
Moderate Interaction with Warfarin (Coumadin):
Warfarin (Coumadin) helps to keep blood flowing smoothly. Garlic can strengthen the efficacy of warfarin (Coumadin). Simultaneous taking of garlic and warfarin (Coumadin) can intensify the risks of bruising and bleeding. Check your blood regularly. The dosage of your warfarin (Coumadin) might need to be changed.
“What garlic is to salad, insanity is to art.”
*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.