Latin Name: Arctium lappa

Family: Asteraceae

Genus: Arctium

Common Names: greater burdock, edible burdock, lappa, beggar's buttons, thorny burr, or happy major

Origin: native to Africa, Europe, and Asia

Distribution Area: spread worldwide

Parts Used: Leaves, roots, seeds

Botanical Information: A large perennial or biennial herbaceous plant, 60-120 cm high (sometimes up to three meters). The root is thick, rod-shaped, and spindle-shaped, up to 60 cm long. The stem is erect, powerful, longitudinally grooved, often reddishly colored. The leaves are very large, petiolate, cordate. Flowers are tubular, in dark purple baskets. Blossoms in June-July.


The chemical composition of burdock roots contains:

  • proteins
  • tannic and bitter substances
  • fatty and essential oils
  • mucilage
  • palmitic and stearic acids
  • polysaccharide inulin
  • sitosterol
  • stigmasterol

Infusions and decoctions from the root of the burdock are used inside as a diuretic, diaphoretic and cholagogue. Burdock root is often added into herbal collections for patients with gout and arthritis; it is effective for peptic ulcer disease, liver disease, hemorrhoids, urolithiasis, and has antipyretic effects. In addition, burdock leaves contain tannins, mucilage and essential oil. There are glycoside arctin and fatty oil in the seeds.


In folk medicine, burdock root is used quite widely for example, with kidney stone disease, diabetes, gout and rheumatism, dropsy, hemorrhoids, rickets and scrofula, furunculosis, chronic eczema, constipation. In addition, burdock is successfully used when having been poisoned with mercury preparations and from bites of poisonous animals. Decoction of burdock root is also used for sexually transmitted diseases, joint ache.

Herbalists use the burdock root as a diuretic and metabolism-improving agent, as well as with stones in the kidney and bladder, with gastritis and stomach ulcer. With dermatitis accompanied by itching, the burdock root is used externally as a compress.

Burdock infusion helps to get rid of prostatic adenoma. The infusion is prepared in the following way:

Pour 2 tablespoons of burdock with one glass of water, leave for infusing for 2 hours, use half a glass 3-5 times a day.

If a person suffers from neoplastic diseases, then one can apply burdock root in the form of infusion, decoction, and tincture. To prepare the tincture take the root of burdock, honey and medical alcohol in equal proportions. Infuse this mixture for two weeks, consuming 1 tablespoon 3 times a day.

Decoction of burdock is an excellent remedy for the gastritis treatment. Decoction is prepared in this way: one teaspoon of burdock roots is poured with two glasses of boiling water, infused for 12 hours, half of the glass is consumed 4 times a day. Another decoction is prepared as follows: pour one teaspoon of root with a glass of boiling water, warm on low heat for 5-10 minutes, use 3 times a day for one tablespoon.

If you are concerned about pain in the pancreas, it is good to use such a decoction from the roots of burdock: a tablespoon of crushed dry roots are poured with two glasses of water, it is infused for 2 hours, then is boiled for 15 minutes. Use three times a day after meals during the day in a warm form.

Significantly, to relieve the attacks of bronchial asthma: take half a glass of burdock and aspen leaves, one teaspoon of fir, half a spoonful of soda and a glass of water and infuse such a mixture for 5 days. Take a tablespoon once a day (in the morning or in the evening).

The burdock is also quite effective for furuncles. For this purpose, infusion is prepared from burdock leaves and is taken for half a glass twice a day; if you are treated with juice from the leaves of burdock, then take one tablespoon.

Burdock can also help the joints: you need to apply fresh burdock leaves to the sick joints and leave them for the night.

In order to achieve a general strengthening effect on the entire body, you can prepare such a decoction: pour one tablespoon of burdock roots with one glass of water and consume one glass twice a day for 3 weeks.


There are alsmot no contraindications for this plant.

  • It is important not to use this plant if a person has an individual intolerance of any substances that make up this plant.
  • It is not recommended for pregnant women to take medications based on burdock, as well as during breastfeeding.
  • You can not consume burdock when having allergic reactions.
  • If you consume a large amount of root of burdock, glycogen begins to be deposited in the liver. Before starting taking medications, you need to consult a doctor, in order to determine the duration of the course and dosage.


Moderate Interaction with Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs):

Burdock can decline blood clotting. Contemporaneous taking of burdock and medications that reduce blood clotting such as aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others, can enlarge the risks of bruising and bleeding. 



3 tablespoons of Burdock root

3 tablespoons of Elecampane root

500 ml of Vodka

Chop the roots of plants and pour with vodka, leaving in a cool place for 2 weeks. Mix the composition periodically, and at the end strain it. This tincture is good for rheumatism and arthritis, as well as painful sensations in the joints and muscles. it should be taken three times a day for 15 drops, and moreover you can rub it in the sore areas before going to bed.

“You can’t see plants growing – unless you speed up a film – but you know that they do. Each day, tiny changes take place. It’s the same with your life”

*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.