COMMON NAME: Garden Burnet
CHINESE NAME: Di Yu
HABITAT: The plant prefers flood and dry hum, forest edges and forest glades, bushes, ravines and cliffs, riverbanks and swamps. The distribution area is very wide: all of Europe, North America, and the temperate zone of East Asia, the Tien Shan mountains, and some parts of Central Asia.
BOTANICAL INFORMATION: Sanguisorba Officinalis belongs to the Rosoideae subfamily of the Rosaceae family.
Garden Burnet is a perennial herbaceous plant that can reach 20-100 cm in height. The rhizome of the plant is thick, ligneous, horizontal, reaches up to 12 cm in length. The stem is hollow, ribbed, smooth, up-straight, branched in the upper part. The basal leaves are rather large. The stem leaves are sessile. The leaves are oblong-ovate, sharp-toothed or crusty, dark green above, and bluish matte below. The flowers are small, dark red or dark purple, collected in oblong capitate inflorescences. The fruits are dry and brown. Each fruit is enclosed in a hardening tetrahedral hypanthium, and therefore it is called a false fruit. The plant blooms in June-August. The fruits ripen in August-September.
The beneficial properties of Sanguisorba Officinalis are easily explained: the plant contains a lot of biologically active substances. The rhizomes of the plant contain tannins, phenolcarboxylic acids and their derivatives (gallic, ellagic, luteic), oxalic acid, flavonoids (rutin, quercetin, hyperin, quercetrin, campferol, catechins, galactate, epicate ), pigments, starch, essential oil, phenolic triterpene compounds of the established structure, vitamin C, carotene, saponins, sterols (β-sitosterol, stigmasterol), chromones (eugenin). The flowers contain flavonoids, carbohydrates and organic acids.
The plant is also rich in mineral elements (potassium, magnesium, iron, manganese, copper, zinc, cobalt, chromium, aluminum, barium, selenium, vanadium, nickel, strontium, lead, iodine, etc.). The plant is also known for the fact that it is able to concentrate zinc, barium, strontium, nickel and selenium in its roots, and in non-toxic forms.
The official botanical name Sanguisorba Officinalis comes from two Latin words: sanguis - meaning "blood" and sorbere - "absorb" or "slurp".
The young leaves of Garden Burnet are edible, have a pleasant smell resembling cucumber. They are used in salads, soups and fish dishes. The leaves are also used to flavor vinegar and soft drinks.
Purple and gray colors, which are used to dye fabrics, are obtained from the flowers.
*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.