COMMON NAME: Oregano
LATIN NAME: Origanum Vulgare
OTHER NAMES: Anrar, Aitz Belarr, Ao Le Gang
CHINESE NAME: Tu Yin Chen
HABITAT: Asia, Europe
BOTANICAL INFORMATION: Origanum vulgare belongs to the family of Lamaceae(lat.). The genus Origanum includes over 20 species of perennial grasses. Origanum is a perennial herb 30–90 cm tall. The leaves are ovate, oblong and pointed at the end. They are from 1 to 4 cm long. They are arranged in pairs opposite each other. The upper leaves of oregano are dark green, and the bottom are grayish-green.
Stems are tetrahedral, softly woolly or almost bare. The flowers are small (3-5 mm long) of pinkish-purple color. They are gathered in corymbs. The fruit of oregano consists of four nuts.
The plant blooms in July-August, the fruits ripen in August-September.
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION: Oregano is rich in Vitamin C (especially leaves of the herb), as well as a whole set of micro-and macronutrients( the first place goes to potassium and calcium). In addition, the plant contains up to 1.2% of essential oil. Essential oil of oregano also has healing properties and is sold under the name "hoppy". The plant also contains fatty oil (up to 28%), flavonoids ( apigenin, luteolin, 7-glucoronide, luteolin-7-glucoside, isoroyfolin, cosoiin) and tannins ( up to 19%).
ACTIONS OF OREGANO: antiaging, carminative, antibacterial, sedative, blood thinner, antioxidant, stomachic, analgetic, brain enhancer, digestive, anticancer, decongestant, antisthamatic, anthelmintic.
- Oregano has a calming effect on the central nervous system. In addition to neurosis itself, it is used in the treatment for seizures, epilepsy, paralysis, insomnia.
- In case of gastric and duodenal ulcers, gastritis (with low acidity) Oregano relieves inflammation. It is used for gastric colic, flatulence, diarrhea, vomiting. In addition, Oregano increases intestinal motility and improve appetite.
- Also, Oregano is recommended for the treatment of cholecystitis, enterocolitis, hepatitis and other medical conditions.
- Oregano is extremely helpful in treatment of acute respiratory diseases, as well as a number of chronic diseases of the bronchopulmonary system such as: pulmonary tuberculosis, chronic bronchitis, acute and chronic pharyngitis, whooping cough, bronchial asthma, etc. .
- Oregano can be used externally in the form of baths, lotions and compresses for various skin diseases such as pustules, acne, fungal diseases, herpes, rashes, diathesis, neurodermatitis, eczema, vitiligo, wounds, boils, diaper rash.
- In addition, Oregano is used for radiculitis, rheumatism, neuralgia, headache, as well as in complex therapy for the treatment of cancer.
- Oregano has a numerous benefits for women. Preparations of the plant are used when delaying menstruation to regulate the cycle, amenorrhea, with painful menstruation, itching in the vagina. It is also used as a hemostatic agent, especially after childbirth. In addition, oregano helps to increase the amount of milk in lactating women. Also, it helps during menopause.
- Individual intolerance to the components of the herb;
- Since oregano is considered a “female herb”, men are not advised to use it for a long time, otherwise it will lead to the development of sexual impotence;
- Patients with gastritis with high acidity should be very careful when taking Oregano;
- People with hepatic, intestinal or renal colic should be cautious with Oregano;
- Do not consume oregano if you have disruption of the cardiovascular system;
- Avoid using oregano during pregnancy;
- Be caution using Oregano if you have diseases of the liver and kidneys.
It has long been believed that oregano is a remedy for all diseases. As early as the 1st century AD, the famous Greek scientist Dioskoridos, who wrote a series of books on the properties of medicinal plants, devoted several chapters to the tart-smelling grass that grows everywhere in the Mediterranean. The Greeks and Romans considered Oregano to be the symbol of happiness and joy and used it for aromatherapy. Since the Middle Ages, Oregano has occupied an important place among Mediterranean herbs, used both in pharmaceuticals and in cooking.
The name of this fragrant plant with small green leaves is translated as "decoration of the mountains" or "mountain joy". Oregano is often confused with marjoram. Although these herbs are both with a tart spicy smell and are similar in appearance, they have different taste and healing properties.
*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.