LATIN NAME: Echinacea purpurea

FAMILY: Asteraceae

GENUS: Echinacea

COMMON NAMES: eastern purple coneflower, hedgehog coneflower, or purple coneflower

ORIGIN: originates from eastern North America


Echinacea is a perennial herbaceous plant up to 70-80 (100) cm heigh with sturdy, slightly branched stems. The lower leaves are rosette, broadly oval, large, on long petioles; the upper ones are lanceolate and sessile. Ray flowers are single-row, tubular, of red, crimson, purple color; they are collected in the basket inflorescences, of up to 10-15 cm in diameter. Flowering period is from July to September (about 60 days).


The herb of Echinacea purpurea contains:

  • polysaccharides (heteroxylans, arabinoraminogalactans)
  • essential oils (0,15-0,50%)
  • flavonoids
  • oxycoric (chicory, ferulic, coumaric, caffeic) acids
  • tannins
  • saponins
  • polyamines
  • echinacin (polyunsaturated acid amide)
  • echinolone (unsaturated ketoalcohol)
  • echinacoside (glycoside containing caffeic acid and pyrocatechin)
  • organic acids
  • resins
  • phytosterols

Rhizomes and roots include:

  • inulin (up to 6%)
  • glucose (7%)
  • essential and fatty oils
  • phenol carboxylic acids
  • betaine
  • resins

All parts of the plant contain:

  • enzymes
  • potassium
  • calcium
  • selenium
  • cobalt
  • silver
  • molybdenum
  • zinc
  • manganese


  • prevents the development of heart attack and stroke
  • strengthens the immune system and possesses diuretic properties
  • has anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antiviral, antiallergic, antirheumatic and immunomodulatory action
  • destroys some viruses and bacteria
  • delays the reproduction of influenza viruses, stomatitis and herpes, e. coli, staphylococci and streptococci
  • helps the body to fight viruses and purifies tissues from affected cells, as they stimulate the production of t-lymphocytes and increase the activity of white blood cells
  • accelerates tissue regeneration
  • suppresses inflammation, reduces pain and accelerates the healing of tissues
  • significantly accelerates recovery when having infectious and viral diseases
  • can delay the development of metastases
  • destroys fungi and mold
  • reduces toxins
  • improves kidney and liver function
  • reduces the amount of nitrogen exchange products in the blood, and thus prevents the development of chronic diseases
  • echinacea does not allow the destruction of hyaluronic acid, which fills the space between cells and blocks the spread of bacteria and viruses
  • inulin also destroys viruses and promotes a leukocyte activity increasing


  • Echinacea is effective for such diseases as: colds, flu, infections of the ears, bladder diseases, mononucleosis, blood infections.
  • It also promotes treatment for liver diseases, chronic inflammatory processes, diabetes mellitus.
  • It is helpful after chemical effects on the body such as insecticides, pesticides, fungicides, heavy metals.
  • This plant is widely used after chemotherapy, antibiotic treatment and radiation therapy.
  • Echinacea is applied externally when such skin diseases and problems as herpes, eczema, urticaria, furuncles, abscesses, wounds, burns, insect bites occur.
  • If you have psoriasis, snake bites, streptococcal infections, you can use lotions from Echinacea decoction.
  • Echinacea purpurea copes well with female diseases, prostatitis, osteomyelitis, polyarthritis, diseases of the top respiratory ways.


Echinacea preparations are not recommended :

  • for pregnant and lactating women
  • with systemic lupus erythematosus
  • with rheumatoid arthritis
  • with rheumatism
  • with multiple sclerosis
  • with leukemia
  • with tuberculosis
  • when having allergy to the components of the plant


When overdosed, the person can face with

  • excitability
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • disruption of the intestines and kidneys


Echinacea interacts with:

  • caffeine
  • medications changed by the body: (lovastatin (Mevacor), clarithromycin (Biaxin), cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune), diltiazem (Cardizem), estrogens, indinavir (Crixivan), triazolam (Halcion), etc
  • medications changed by the liver: clozapine (Clozaril), cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril), fluvoxamine (Luvox), haloperidol (Haldol), imipramine (Tofranil), mexiletine (Mexitil), olanzapine (Zyprexa), pentazocine (Talwin), propranolol (Inderal), tacrine (Cognex), theophylline, zileuton (Zyflo), zolmitriptan (Zomig), etc
  • immunosuppressants: azathioprine (Imuran), basiliximab (Simulect), cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune), daclizumab (Zenapax), muromonab-CD3 (OKT3, Orthoclone OKT3), mycophenolate (CellCept), tacrolimus (FK506, Prograf), sirolimus (Rapamune), prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone), corticosteroids (glucocorticoids), etc
  • midazolam

Before using these or any other herbal supplements, consult a specialist.


Pour vodka in a glass container over dried ground leaves with 1:10 ratio. Leave in a dark, cool, dry place for 10 days. When ready, strain and pour into small bottle with dark glass. Take 25-30 drops 3 times a day before meals.

Tincture is a good remedy to improve health and metabolism; for gastritis and peptic ulcer, spasms of blood vessels, constipation, inflammatory diseases of the female genital area, kidney and bladder diseases, prostate adenoma, etc.

“I take goldenseal, Echinacea and cod liver oil when flying to boost my immune system.”

Janelle Monae

*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.