Latin Name: Aesculus hippocastanum

Family: Sapindaceae

Genus: Aesculus

Common Names: horse-chestnut, conker tree, buckeye

Origin: native to a small area in the Pindus Mountains mixed forests and Balkan mixed forests of South East Europe

Distribution Area: it can be found in many parts of Europe as far north as Gästrikland in Sweden, as well as in many parks and cities in the United States and Canada

Botanical Information: Deciduous tree of up to 25 m high. Leaves are large, complex, five to seven fingered, with long petioles. They form a dense crown. Flowers are campanulate, asymmetric, fragrant with a strong, pleasant smell. Chestnut fruit is a ball-shaped green capsule (walnut), 6-8 cm in length, seated with prickly thorns. The fruit contains 1-4 seeds.


In addition to the listed components, there is a whole complex of mineral substances, macro- and microelements, including calcium, iron, nickel, zinc, boron, chromium, barium, selenium, iodine and silver. Such a unique composition provides a wide application of the plant in the treatment of a variety of diseases and conditions.


  • anesthetic
  • hemostatic
  • anti-inflammatory
  • wound healing
  • bactericidal
  • diuretic
  • antithrombotic
  • antioxidant
  • decongestant
  • antineoplastic
  • diaphoretic
  • antipyretic
  • astringent
  • antisclerotic



  • Eliminates swelling and inflammation
  • Slows the coagulation of the blood
  • Helps to reduce blood viscosity
  • Reduces the permeability of capillaries
  • Prevents thrombosis
  • Normalizes the acidity of gastric juice
  • Eliminates spasms of blood vessels
  • Normalizes the secretory function of the gallbladder
  • Relieves joint pain
  • Normalizes the heart and liver
  • Increases the tone of venous vessels
  • Accelerates blood flow in the veins
  • Prevents formation of stasis in capillaries
  • Enhances the production of antithrombin in the vascular system
  • Reduces blood pressure
  • Expands blood vessels
  • Displays cholesterol
  • Improves digestion
  • Removes salt from the body
  • Disinfects harmful substances (toxins, radionuclides)


 Preparations, which include horse chestnut, are used in the treatment of such diseases:

  • malaria
  • gallbladder diseases
  • diarrhea
  • diseases of the genitourinary system
  • increased acidity of gastric juice
  • spleen diseases
  • bronchitis
  • leukemia
  • uterine bleeding
  • spasms of blood vessels
  • pulmonary tuberculosis
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • neuralgia
  • hemorrhoids
  • gout
  • anemia
  • endarteritis
  • ulcers
  • lesions of veins, provoked by injuries
  • radiation sickness
  • phlebeurysm
  • radiculitis
  • thrombophlebitis
  • BPH
  • prostatitis
  • hypertension
  • asthma
  • bleeding of various genesis
  • whooping cough
  • heart diseases
  • increased coagulation of blood
  • gastritis
  • sciatica
  • dyspnea
  • joint pain
  • venous congestion
  • thromboembolism
  • trophic ulcers of the lower leg
  • inflammation of the muscles
  • atherosclerosis of the vessels of the extremities
  • salt sediments
  • arteritis



  • pregnancy
  • breast-feeding (lactation)
  • low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • severe liver and kidney disease, kidney failure
  • intestinal atony with constipation
  • children under 12 years old
  • disturbance of the menstrual cycle

When getting an overdose such undesired effects can occur as

  • heartburn
  • nausea
  • pains in the field of heart


Moderate Interaction with Lithium:

Horse chestnut might have a diuretic effect. Horse shestnut consumption has an impact on the process of getting rid of the lithium from the body. The lithium quantity can become greater and leads to high-priority side effects. Consult a doctor, perhaps you will need to change a dosage of lithium.

Moderate Interaction with Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs):

Horse chestnut has an effect of reducing blood sugar level of the body. Diabetes medications such as glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), chlorpropamide (Diabinese), glipizide (Glucotrol), tolbutamide (Orinase), and others have decreasing pressure properties. Thereby contemporaneous using of horse chestnut and listed medications can decrease your blood sugar to the life-threatening rate. Observe the level of blood sugar vigilantly. First, consult a doctor, perhaps the dosage of your diabetes medications need to be altered.

Moderate Interaction with Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs)

Horse chestnut can decelerate blood clotting. Simultaneous taking of horse chestnut and antiplatelet medications such as aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others can rise the risks of bruising and bleeding.


Horse chestnut liquid extract is used for thrombosis, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, prostatitis. Here is the recipe of self-prepared tincture of horse chestnut.

10 g of flowers or peeled chestnut fruits are crushed and poured with 100 ml of vodka, and then the remedy is put for infusion for one week in a dark place. During infusion, tincture should be periodically shaken. The strained tincture is drunk 30 drops three times a day.

“The Chestnut tree does not know it is naked nor imperfect; instead, it srands proud and unapologetic for all those whose opinions matter not.”

Chris Knight

*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.