COMMON NAME: Asafoetida
LATIN NAME: Ferula Assa-foetida
ORIGIN: Central Asia, Iran
HABITAT: The birthplace of Ferula Assa-foetida is Afghanistan, Iran and Tajikistan. It is found everywhere in Kurdistan (Iraqi and Iranian), as well as in some regions of Turkmenistan, as well as in the Trans-Ili Alatau (a mountain range on the border of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan).
Asafoetida (lat. Férula Assa-fóetida) is a perennial herbaceous plant that reaches a height of 1.5-3 meters in height. Ferula Assa-foetida is one of the species of the Ferula family, (lat. Apiaceae). Asafoetida is an herbaceous perennial that can resemble a tree in size. The underground part of the plant is a thick cone-shaped, strongly sprouted root. The leaves are triangular, with long cuttings, dissected into feathers with terminal segments of oblong-lanceolate shape. Asafoetida flowers are pale yellow in color, collected in complex umbrellas that do not have a wrapper and represent a complex inflorescence. The fruit of Asafoetida is an ovary, which, when ripe, divides into two single-seeded merikarpy, which have wide marginal ribs.
Asafoetida has ferulic acid and gum in its composition. It also has essential oil, which contains sulfur compounds, some terpenes, carboxylic acids and sulfanilic acid. The strong smell of Ferula Asafoetida is due to the content of 2-butyl-1-propenyl disulfide and some other disulfides, which are destroyed by heat treatment. After heating, its appetizing aroma remains, which indicates the content of diallyl disulfide in the oil. This smell is familiar to the smell of onions and garlic. Asafoetida also has sesquiterpenes and coumarins in its chemical composition.
ACTIONS: This aromatic plant has a wide range of positive effects on our body, such as aphrodisiac, analgesic, anthelmintic, antibacterial, anticancer, anticoagulant, antidiabetic, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antisyphilitic, antiviral, carminative, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, galactagogue, hypoglycemic, laxative, sedative, stimulant, vermifuge.
- Asafoetida has a beneficial effect on digestion. It really helps with indigestion, facilitates digestion, and normalizes microflora.
- Ferula Assa-foetida is beneficial for upper respiratory tract.
- Asafoetida is used as an antidote if bitten by a snake or a dangerous insect.
- In case of nervous disorders aromatherapy with Asafoetida is very effective. This gives an excellent soothing effect. The procedure also helps to prevent hysteria attacks.
- This plant is also used as a painkiller for toothache, headache and ear pain.
- Asafoetida helps with diseases of the musculoskeletal system such as arthritis, osteochondrosis, radiculitis.
- Ferula is effective in treating female infertility, at the risk of miscarriage, in the postpartum period. It is used in other gynecological problems (in particular, to alleviate the condition with menopause and menstruation).
- Ferula Assa-foetida restores hormonal functions of the adrenal glands and gonads.
- In traditional medicine this plant is used against intestinal parasites.
With all the usefulness of the spice, it is recommended to be caution when taking it if you suffer from high acidity;
People, suffering from a stomach ulcer or duodenal ulcer during an exacerbation of diseases should not use this plant;
It is not recommended to be taken by people with skin problems such as rash, prickly heat, furunculosis;
Should not be consumed by those who are prone to allergies;
Put an end to consumption of Asafoetida in case of increased body temperature;
Pregnant and breast-feeding women should not take Ferula Assa-foetida to protect themselves from potential risk.
- Milky juice is used to obtain spices.
- Each plant gives 0.9-1.3 kg of latex.
- Afghanistan and Iran are the countries where the plant can be found in large quantities.
- The ancient Greeks and Romans loved the plant for its healing effect. They found that Asafoetida relieves headaches, soothes and improves bowel function. They also liked the spicy taste of this spice.
- Merchants delivered Ferula to Europe from the countries of the East.
- This plant came to England with the troops of Alexander the Great.
- Ferula Assa-foetida was grown in England until the 18th century.
- The Germans were the last to use Asafoetida among Europeans, adding it to sausages.
- Ferula Assa-foetida tastes like a mixture of onion and garlic.
- Some perfumes and colognes have Asafoetida in its composition.
*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.