LATIN NAME: Matricaria Recutita

FAMILY: Asteraceae

GENUS: Matricaria

COMMON NAMES: Italian camomilla, German chamomile, Hungarian chamomile (kamilla), wild chamomile or scented mayweed

DISTRIBUTION AREA: Eurasia and North America


Chamomile is an annual herbaceous plant with a strong specific odor. Root is stalky, slightly branched, of light brown color. Stem is erect, of 15 to 60 cm high, usually branched from the base, less often simple, ribbed-grooved. The leaves are alternate, sessile, broadened at the base, lanceolate or ovate in general, from15 to 60 mm long, from 5 to 18 mm wide. Inflorescences are conical baskets with a diameter of up to 25 mm.

ACTIONS: anti-inflammatory, disinfectant, analgesic, diaphoretic, sedative, haemostatic.


The greatest concentration of valuable chemical compounds is observed in flowers of chamomile:

  • coumarin compounds
  • bioflavonoids (apigenin, luteolin, minor amounts of quercetin)
  • compounds of polyols
  • salicylic, caprylic, antimisic organic acid
  • phytosterol
  • vitamins (ascorbic, nicotinic acids)
  • carotene
  • polysaccharide compounds
  • protein, tannins
  • bitterness, gum, mucus


  • fights viruses and bacteria
  • strengthens the immune system
  • has a positive effect on the digestive system (reduces the swelling of the gastric mucosa, increases the bile secretion, accelerates the healing of stomach ulcers, relieves spasms and helps with flatulence, increase the secretory activity of the digestive glands, stops the processes of putrefaction and fermentation in the intestine, stimulates digestion)
  • calms the nervous system
  • helps fight insomnia
  • eliminates the negative impact of stress
  • reduces allergic reactions
  • accelerates the regeneration of the epithelium
  • dilates the vessels of the brain
  • accelerates reflex functions
  • increases the frequency of cardio and respiratory rhythms
  • eliminates itching
  • promotes intense sweating
  • acts as an antiallergenic


respiratory system: laryngitis, tonsillitis, chronic bronchopulmonary diseases and bronchial asthma, colds, runny nose.

mouth cavity: inflammation of the oral cavity, toothache, gum disease (gingivitis).

digestive system: gastritis, colitis and inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, paraproctitis, hemorrhoids, colitis, proctitis and flatulence.

reproductive system: gynecological diseases, delay of the menstrual cycle, painful sensations in the uterus.

urinary tract: cystitis, urethritis.

eye diseases: conjunctivitis, hordeolum and eye redness.

muscles and joints: inflammation of the joints and exacerbation of gout.

CNS system: hysteria, epilepsy, chorea, neuralgia, convulsions, neurosis, trigeminal neuralgia, insomnia, migraines, increased excitability.


When taking the exceeded dosage, chamomile can cause such adverse reactions as:

  • headache
  • a state of general weakness
  • hoarseness
  • cough
  • inflammation of the mucous eyes
  • painful and profuse menstruation
  • mental disorders (irritability, fear, obsessive and delusional ideas, hallucinations)


Chamomile is forbidden when having:

  • an anacid gastritis, which is developed as a result of the decrease / absence of hydrochloric acid in the stomach
  • the ulcerative lesions of the stomach or duodenum associated with an anacid gastritis


Chamomile interacts with contraceptive drugs, estrogens, benzodiazepines, CNS depressants, Tamoxifen, Warfarin. Before using these or any other herbal supplements, consult a specialist.


Pour 500 ml of vodka over 100 gr of chamomile flowers, infuse for 10-14 days in a dark, cool place, shaking daily. When ready, strain the tincture and bottle in small vessels from dark glass. This tincture helps to reduce the unpleasant symptoms of gastritis, ulcers or colitis. Take 15-20 drops 3 times a day before each meal.

“Nowadays, people are so jeezled up. If they took some chamomile tea and spent more time rocking on the porch in the evening listening to the liquid song of the hermit thrush, they might enjoy life more”

Tasha Tudor

*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.