LATIN NAME: Stephania Tetrandra.
CHINESE NAME: Han Fang Ji.
DISTRIBUTION AREA: The area of distribution of Stefania Tetrandra is the eastern part of the Eurasian continent. It grows in the Chinese provinces of Zhejiang, Anhui, Fujian, Hunan, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Hainan, Taiwan and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
BOTANICAL INFORMATION: Stephania Tetrandra is an herbaceous vine in Menispermaceae family. This plant is 1-3 m high with fleshy, cylindrical root. The foliage is dense. Leaves are narrow-thyroid, broad-triangular or triangular, pubescent (on both sides or only from the upper), acuminate. Flowers are dioecious, five-petalled, collected in the head inflorescence. There are four sepals (sometimes five), five petals, four stamens in male flowers. Fruit is a drupe; ripe fruit is of red color, almost spherical in shape.
PART USED: The roots are cleaned from soil and sand, washed, if necessary, cut into small pieces and dried in the sun (or in special dryers). Store dried roots in an airtight container (plastic or glass) in a dark place.
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION: The main biologically active substances of Stefania Tetrandra are two bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloids: fanquinoline and tetrandrin. The roots and shoots of the plant contain the isoquinoline alkaloid d, dl-tetrandin.
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*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.