LATIN NAME: Angelica archangelica

FAMILY: Apiaceae

GENUS: Angelica

COMMON NAMES: garden angelica, wild celery, and Norwegian angelica

DISTRIBUTION AREA: grows wild in Russia, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland

BOTANICAL INFORMATION: A biennial plant with a pleasant smell. Rhizome is brown, short, thick, with diameter up to 8 cm, with numerous vertical subordinate roots. The stem is single, erect, 120-250 cm high, thick, bare, cylindrical, hollow inside, branched at the top. Leaves are alternate, tripinnate, with large ovate bilobed or trilobate segments. Inflorescence represents a large, almost spherical complex umbel, 8-15 cm in diameter. The flowers are small, unattractive, and yellowish-greenish. One plant produces up to 500 g of seeds. It blossoms in June-August. Fruits ripen in July-September.


Angelica consists of:

  • essential oil
  • coumarins
  • resins
  • wax
  • bitter substances
  • tannins
  • organic acids (malic, acetic, angelic, valeric and other acids)
  • phytosterols
  • ascorbic acid
  • calcium
  • phosphorus


Medical application:

Decoction of the rhizome is used for flatulence, gastrointestinal diseases, hypoacid gastritis, biliary dyskinesia, colds, bronchitis, laryngitis, pneumonia, as a diuretic, bactericidal and expectorant. Tincture is used to increase appetite and improve digestion, enhance motor and secretory bowel function. The extract is used as an antispasmodic and sedative for spasms of organs with smooth muscles.

Pharmacological properties:

Angelica medications have such effects as:

  • tonic
  • anti-inflammatory
  • spasmolytic
  • diuretic
  • diaphoretic
  • expectorant
  • antimicrobial

They improve the activity of the heart, relieve spasms and fermentation processes, improve bile secretion, and soothe the nervous system. It strengthens motor and secretory function of endocrine glands, improves blood microcirculation, soothes, and lowers blood pressure. Angelica contains a significant amount of vitamin B12, has a cholesterol-lowering effect.

Angelica is used to treat infertility in women, with circulatory disorders, with pale and dry skin, prenatal and postnatal weakness, bloody menstruation, dizziness. Angelica also provides treatment for amenorrhea, algodisminorrhea, for normalization of blood circulation in the organs of the small pelvis.

In Europe, Angelica used to treat bronchitis, colds, coughs, indigestion and stimulation of appetite. Angelica has the properties of an antiseptic, therefore it is used for cystitis and rheumatic inflammatory processes. In Chinese medicine, there are ten varieties of angelica, which are attributed to the following properties: the fight against infertility, strengthening the body, the prevention of female diseases. According to its benefits, Angelica is second only to ginseng.

The most active is the essential oil, which when ingested in the gastrointestinal tract has a mild irritant effect, causing an increase of the gastric juice secretion. After absorption, oil is partially released by bronchial glands, increasing their secretion and providing bactericidal and spasmolytic effects on the respiratory tract. The organic acids contained in Angelica have a diuretic and sweating effect.

Application in folk medicine:

In folk medicine, the plant was ingested as an astringent, tonic and restorative, with nervous exhaustion, epilepsy, hysteria, insomnia, digestive disorders, gastritis, dyspepsia, with flatulence, inflammation of the respiratory tract, as an expectorant, anthelmintic.

Externally: with gout, hysteria, rheumatism, toothache and ear pain; blossoming stems provided treatment for typhoid fever, cholera, scarlet fever, and measles.

It is believed Angelica tincture infused with vodka or alcohol, relieves pain in muscles. In the Middle Ages it was used to remove venom from the human body when having a snake bite.


1 tablespoon of raw crushed Angelica root

200 ml of 70% alcohol

Infuse for 7 days in a dark place

Take 30-40 drops 3 times a day

Use as liniment for affected joints with radiculitis, articular rheumatism, and gout.

200 gr of raw crushed Angelica root

500 ml of vodka

Leave in the sun for 14 days

Take 20 drops 3 times a day

Take with bloating, colitis and diarrhea, also with bronchitis, bronchial and cardiac asthma. Rub the tincture into temples with a headache, into sore areas with arthritis, myositis, and bruises.

100 gr of dried crushed root of Angelica

1 liter of vodka

Leave the mixture in the dark place for 3 weeks

Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day for 40 days before meals. Tincture helps with asthenia, nervous exhaustion, neuralgia, with problems of the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory disease, helminthiasis, and in the complex treatment of infertility.


Angelica contains substances which are harmful to the body, thereby you need to use medicines from this plant in moderation and with caution. Pregnant women are better not to use angelica medicines at all, since they can lead to abortion and complications. Preparations from Angelica have a photosensitizing effect on the human body, thereby a person who takes them for a long time should be away from direct sunlight. Be cautious, using angelica when having tachycardia, diarrhea, fever, thrombosis, and after heart attacks.

“A healthy outside starts from the inside”

 *This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.