LATIN NAME: Citrus Reticulata.
CHINESE NAME: Ju Hong.
COMMON NAMES: mandarin orange, mandarin or mandarine.
BOTANICAL INFORMATION: A tree of small size, usually not exceeding 4 m in height; By the age of 30, however, can reach a five-meter height. Young shoots are dark green. The leaves are relatively small, ovoid or elliptical. The flowers are single or double in the axils of the leaves. Petals are matte-white, stamens are mostly with underdeveloped anthers and pollen. Fruits are multigranular and multisemant, 4-6 cm in diameter; slightly flattened from the base to the top, so that their width is noticeably greater than the height. The fruits have a thin peel, which is easily separated from the pulp.
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION: Fruit pulp contains sugars, organic acids (citric acid, etc., from 0.6 to 1.1%), vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, ascorbic acid, rutin). Up to 1-2% of essential (mandarin) oil, orange and yellow pigments, among them carotene, are found in the peel. The essential oil contains α-limonene, citral, caprylic and other aldehydes, alcohol; anthranilic acid methyl ester gives a peculiar taste and smell to mandarin oil, fruits, leaves and young shoots.
ACTIONS: restorative, antimicrobial, antitussive, expectorant.
HEALTH BENEFITS AND INDICATIONS FOR USE: Mandarins are a valuable dietary product, they increase appetite, improve metabolic processes and saturate the body with vitamins. They are useful for children and people with weakened immunity. These citrus fruits have a restorative effect on the body, promote digestion, and, thanks to the phytoncide properties, have an antimicrobial effect. The phytoncidal activity attacks pathogenic fungi that cause some skin diseases. Tincture and decoction, made from mandarin peel, is used as an antitussive agent for bronchitis, as well as for improving digestion and for eliminating vomiting in nausea. Mandarin juice causes weakening of intestinal peristalsis and has an antimicrobial effect, which is promoted by the rich content of phytoncides. It is successfully used for stomach upset and diarrhea. Mandarin dried peel can be infused with alcohol. This remedy normalizes the process of digestion and improves appetite. This tincture is used as an emollient and expectorant for coughing.
CONTRAINDICATIONS: Mandarins are contraindicated to people suffering from gastritis with high acidity and peptic ulcer. Mandarin like many citruses is a strong allergen. Experts recommend being very watchful when taking mandarins during pregnancy, breast-feeding and in childhood due to the possible occurrence of allergic reactions. Mandarin contains a lot of glucose, it increases the sugar content in the blood, thereby it can be consumed in very limited quantities when having diabetes. Concentrated juice of mandarins adversely affects the tooth enamel.
HEALTH RECIPES WITH MANDARIN:
Mandarin decoction with ginger and apple peel: Add 4 tsp (20 g) of apple peel, 2 tsp (10 g) of mandarin peel and 1 tsp (5 g) of peeled and sliced ginger to 500 ml of boiling water. Simmer for 15 minutes, then cool and filter. Take 2-3 times a day.
Mandarin tincture: Take a glass jar. Pour 500 ml of vodka over 2 mid-size mandarins, previously peeled and sliced. Close it properly. Leave a container in a dry, cool, dark place for 2 weeks, shaking periodically. When ready, filter and take 20-30 drops 2 times a day.
“Orange is the happiest color”
*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.