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Our products are herbal dietary supplements and have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration, are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Information and statements made are for education purposes and are not intended to replace the advice of your treating doctor. We suggest consulting a physician before using our or any other herbal supplements. Hawaii Pharm does not dispense medical advice, prescribe, or diagnose illness. The views and nutritional advice expressed by Hawaii Pharm are not intended to be a substitute for conventional medical service. Your use of the website, its content, and any services or products obtained through the website is at your own risk. In no event will Hawaii Pharm, its affiliates or their licensors, service providers, employees, agents, officers, owners or directors be liable for damages of any kind, under any legal theory, arising out of or in connection with your use, or inability to use, the products, any content on the website or any services obtained through the website or such other websites, including any direct, indirect, special, incidental, consequential, or punitive damages, including but not limited to, personal injury, pain and suffering, emotional distress, loss of revenue, loss of profits, loss of business or anticipated savings, loss of use, loss of goodwill, loss of data, and whether caused by tort (including negligence), breach of contract, or otherwise, even if foreseeable.
GENERAL NAME: Black Seed, Black Cumin
LATIN NAME: Nigella Sativa
CHINESE NAME: Hei Zhong Cao, Hei Zhong Cao Zi
ORIGIN: The homeland of Black Seed is the Mediterranean and South-West Asia. The plant is common in the countries of the Mediterranean, Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Black Cumin is cultivated in India and Egypt. India is the main producer and the largest exporter of Black cumin.
BOTANICAL INFORMATION: Black Cumin (lat. Nigella sativa) is an annual herb that belongs to Ranunculaceae family. There are about 20 species of the genus. Black cumin is an herbaceous annual plant, up to 40 cm in height. The stem is branched. Leaves are of gray-green color, pinnate, deeply dissected into linear, divergent, short lobes. Cumin flowers are large, simple or double, of white or greenish-blue shades, depending on the type. Flowering lasts from May to August. Fruit ripening occurs in August. Each corolla blooms for about 6 days, but even after flowering, the plant does not lose its own decorative effect. The fruits of Black Cumin are large, elongated multi-leaf boxes consisting of 4-7 follicles with numerous lumpy seeds.
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION: Nigella Sativa has extremely rich chemical composition. Black Cumin seeds contain fatty oil (up to 44%), essential oil (0.8–1.5%), glycoside melanthin, alkaloid damascein (0.1—0.3%), steroids, sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, lipase enzyme.
Black Cumin essential oil is a yellow liquid with a spicy smell. The main active substance in its composition is melantol. The oil contains saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, including Omega-9 and Omega-6, 15 amino acids,arginine, phospholipids, B vitamins, vitamin C, D, phytosterols, beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, tannins substances, flavonoids, carotenoids, mono- and polysaccharides, enzymes, alkaloids, triterpene saponins. Black cumin contains many micro- and macronutrients: calcium, phosphorus, iron, etc. The leaves of the plant contain up to 0.43% of ascorbic acid and a large amount of carotene.
CONTRAINDICATIONS AND SIDE EFFECTS: Despite its rich composition and beneficial properties, Black Cumin still has contraindications.
- It is not recommended to use during the last weeks of pregnancy, as it stimulates generic activity;
- Do not use Black Cumin if you are allergic to any of its components;
- When using externally it can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions.
According to archaeological research, the history of using Black Seed in traditional medicine in Africa, Asia, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East is about 3000 years old. Nigella Sativa was mentioned on the pages of the Bible.
Muslims widely use Black cumin decoctions and tinctures for the treatment. Black Seed in the Muslim religion was called the plant of the Prophet.
The ancient Egyptians used Black Cumin as a natural cosmetic. Black cumin was found in the tombs of the Egyptian pharaohs in the form of a vessel with healing oil, it proves ones again the importance of the plant in ancient times.
*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.