Latin Name: Mangifera indica
Common Names: common mango, mango, Indian mango
Origin: native to South Asia
Distribution Area: has been distributed worldwide to become one of the most widely cultivated fruits in the tropics
Part Used: fruit, leaves, seeds, stones
Botanical Information: Mango trees get 35-40 m tall, and has a crown diameter of 20 m. The trees are hardy and long-lived. The leaves follow one another, and are evergreen, non-compound, 15-35 cm long and 6-16 cm broad. At the beginning, the leaves are pink-orange, quickly altering to a dark, shiny red and afterwards dark green, as they are fully-grown. The flowers are created in terminal panicles 10–40 cm. Every single flower is tiny and white, having five petals of 5-10 mm long with gentle and sweet-smelling aroma. The process of ripening lasts about 4-5 months. The ripe fruits can be yellow, orange, red, green with round, oval, or kidney shape of 5–25 centimeters in length and from 140 grams to 2 kilograms in weight per individual fruit. The skin is leather-like, waxy, polished, and aromatic.
Mango is rich in vitamins A, B, C, D and E. Moreover, the content of vitamin C can reach up to 175 mg per 100 g of flesh pulp. In addition, there is a very high content of such sugars as sucrose, xylose, glucose, fructose seloheptulose, maltose, mannoheptulose.
Mango is rich in amino acids, which are called irreplaceable. These are the amino acids that cannot be produced by the human body, so they should be received with food. As you can guess from the bright yellow or orange pulp of mango, it has a lot of carotenoids. In fact, there are carotenoids about 5 times more than in the orange mandarins.
Mineral substances that make up mango's wealth are calcium, phosphorus, iron. This is quite enough to say that the Asian apple has a rich mineral composition.
Flesh skin and leaves of mango tree contain tannins; in the leaves, there is also a strong plant tranquilizer.
HEALTH BENEFITS OF MANGO
The vitamins C and E contained in the mango fruit in combination with carotene and fiber prevent cancer (of the colon and rectum, pancreas and prostate gland, breast, cervix, stomach and other organs).
B vitamins, vitamin C and carotene strengthen the body's immune system and protect healthy cells from oxidation as antioxidants.
Mango relieves nervous tension, improves mood, and helps to overcome stress, increases sexual activity.
Mango has antipyretic effect. It increases tone and improves the cardiovascular system. Mango is recommended for use with inflammation of the gums and oral cavity, as well as with pain in the stomach, with colds. Mango leaves are a perfect bleach for teeth.
European phytotherapeutists prescribe a decoction of mango leaves for the treatment for diabetes and in the retina of the eye in diabetics. There is also an improvement in the state of the blood vessels and pancreas. A decoction of semi-dry leaves of mango helps with hypertension, in the treatment of multiple hemorrhages on the skin, varicose veins, etc.
In folk medicine of India, mango fruits are famous for curing many diseases (even cholera and plague). Ripe fruit is prescribed as a diuretic and laxative, with internal bleeding. Mango juice is treated with acute dermatitis; seeds are used for asthma.
The scientific research shows that the extract of mango has an amazing ability to reduce weight and regulate the level of so-called "bad" cholesterol. Specialists tested the extract from the seeds of this plant and found out that its natural components are capable for regulating metabolic processes in the body.
Mango oil is obtained from the stones of the fruit, rich in valuable fatty acids. It prevents the split-ended hair and gives a splendor to it. You can also make a fifteen-minute mask for the ends of the hair from the pulp of mango.
Useful properties of seeds, flowers and mango leaves:
- The boiled seeds have hemostatic properties, they are crushed and applied to bleeding hemorrhoids. They are also taken inside during helminthic invasions.
- Flowers can be dried and brewed with diarrhea. They have a lot of tannins, which have astringent properties.
- Gum is obtained from the tree trunk. Applying it to the heels, you can get rid of cracks.
- The leaves are dried and used to make tea that helps with diabetes, hypertension and fever.
DANGEROUS PROPERTIES OF MANGOES
Remember that after consumption of mango it is not recommended to drink alcoholic beverages within two hours.
Like many exotic fruit, mango should be carefully introduced into the diet of people who are allergic. The peel often becomes the allergen. To protect yourself from this, avoid direct contact with it during cleaning. Take off the peel in gloves or ask someone to do it instead of you.
Be careful when eating unripe fruits, especially if you have a weak bowel. Even ripe fruit can be a heavy food for the stomach, if you overeat them.
“MANGO” SALAD RECIPE
Ingredients: 100 grams of shrimp, 50 g of salmon, half of mango, cream, Tabasco sauce, half of avocado, lettuce, lemon, olives and greens.
Cut mango into strips; spread them on a dish with salad leaves.
Put peeled shrimp and salmon cut into strips on top of the mango. Dress with sauce.
Add the rest of the shrimps and decorate the salad "Mango" with slices of lemon and avocado, olives and greens.
MANGO LIQUID EXTRACT
Mangifera indica is used to treat ailments such as asthma, cough, diarrhea, dysentery, leucorrhoea, jaundice, pains, malaria, diabetes, infertility, lupus, prostatic hyperplasia, gastric disorders, mouth sores.
“WARNING: Too much fruit causes HEALTH
*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.