LATIN NAME: Chelidonium Majus
CHINESE NAME: Bai Qu Cai
ORIGIN: Europe, Asia
HABITAT: Europe, Asia
It grows in small groups or singly. The plant is also found in light and shady broadleaf forests among bushes, less often in light coniferous forests, in groves and coastal shrubs. Celandine grows predominantly on nitrogen-rich soils. The ants that use seeds for food and carry them over long distances contribute to the widespread use of Celandine.
BOTANICAL INFORMATION: Botanists mention only one species of the genus Celandine- the greater Celandine (lat. Chelidonium majus L.) of the poppy family (lat. Papaveraceae). Celandine is a perennial herb. Celandine has a short rhizome and thick branched taproot, red-brown on the outside and yellow-orange on the inside. The stems are ribbed, up to 90 - 110 cm high. They are branched above, upright, bare or branched below, with leaves. Bottom and lower stem leaves have short stalks and sometimes can be pubescent. The leaves are deeply divided with 3-5 pairs of lobes, green above and gray below. In the middle of the stems, roots, rhizomes and leaves there is lacticifer. When cutting or tearing off parts of a green plant you can see the milky juice of a yellow-orange color. Flowers are collected in simple umbrellas. The flowers are golden yellow with four petals. Celandine has a very strong, repulsive odor and an equally unpleasant, bitter taste. Celandine blooms in May and June, flowering can continue even until early September. The fruits ripen in August and October. Depending on the place of growth, Chelidonium Majus can partially modify its appearance.
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION: A wide spectrum of therapeutic effects of the plant is caused by the presence of alkaloids - chemicals that have different effects on the body. There are about 20 of them in Celandine. Among the alkaloids, the most noticeable are protopine, sparteine, chelerythrine, helidonin, homohelidonin, methoxychelidonin, sanguinarine, helilyutin.
Saponins, flavonoids, organic acids (chelidonic, malic, citric, succinic), vitamin A (carotene), ascorbic acid, barberine, protopine, coptisine and essential oil are also found in Celandine.
Actions of the herb: Chelidonium Majus can produce depurative, alterant, anodyne, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, chalagogue, diuretic, purgative, vulnerary, antibacterial, choleretic, detoxicant, laxative, blood purifier, sedative and expectorant actions on human’s organism.
Cancer. Scientists have found that Celandine can fight cancer by inducing a type of programmed cell death involved in stopping the spread of cancer cells.
Gallbladder diseases. The gallbladder accumulates bile acids produced in the liver and secretes them into the small intestine, playing a vital role in the digestion of fats and metabolism. A clinical study confirmed that Сelandine stimulates the gallbladder and improves the flow of bile. This herb has a positive effect on the pancreas, stimulating the production of digestive enzymes.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Celandine alkaloids can lessen intestinal contractions due to various causes. Proved that Celandine can solve colon inflammation. Celandine extract was the only component of the mixture that could reduce IL-8 protein levels.
GI tract diseases. Celandine has long been used to improve digestion and get rid of unpleasant symptoms such as bloating, nausea, and cramps. Scientific researches proved that a mixture of liquid extracts with Celandine may refine the main symptoms of indigestion.
Immune system. Celandine possesses a wide range of immune-boosting effects. Studies show that liquid Celandine extract can greatly improve immune system and reduce inflammation.
Atherosclerosis. Different clinical studies confirmed that berberine, one of the alkaloids from Celandine, can protect blood vessels from inflammation and oxidative damage, reduce the amount of bad cholesterol, increase the level of good cholesterol and boost the metabolism of fat tissue and glucose
Stomach Ulcers. When the stomach lining can not protect itself from digestive acid ulcers may form. Extracts with Celandine can lower acid secretion, stimulate the production of protective molecules and block inflammatory molecules.
Skin diseases. Alkaloids in Celandine chemical composition can reduce inflammation and irritation of the tissues, thus this herb is effective in fighting such skin diseases as eczema, acne, condylomas, calluses, polyps and warts.
Begin treatment with small doses, checking the individual response of the body to this plant. The treatment can be continued according to the prescribed dosages.
To protect yourself from potential risk do not use it during pregnancy and lactating period;
Should not be consumed by people with epilepsy;
Patient with angina should be careful when using Celandine.
- The ancient Greeks called this herb swallow grass, as they noticed that Celandine bloomed during the swallows arrival, and ended up when these birds left. Greek hillers have successfully used this herb not only for the treatment of skin diseases, but also as an anesthetic and anti-inflammatory agent in gastric and intestinal disorders, diseases of the eyes, nose and ears.
- Bathing children in Celandine was the best way to get rid of scabies and scrofula.
- The girls cleared out freckles with fresh Celandine juice.
- Celandine was also used for livestock to solve it from deaths during mass epidemics.
- People come up with different names for the Celandine, and its scientific name in Latin means all the amazing properties of the plant. Celandine in Latin sounds like a "gift of heaven".
- The scientific name of the genus comes from the Greek word “swallow”.
- Starting from ancient Greek, many generations of doctors believed that Celandine was very helpful in the treatment of eye diseases. This belief was based on an ancient legend, according to which a swallow treats eyes of to the blinded chicks with Celandine juice.
- Carl Linna gave the name to the genus.
- In nature, it grows in Europe and the Mediterranean, and it is common in America, where it was introduced in 1672 by colonizers as a remedy for skin diseases such as warts.
- Ancient Greek author Theophrastus, who lived in the II century BC., left a mention of the fact that it was used to treat jaundice, liver tumors and constipation.
- Healers believe that, in addition to the therapeutic effect, Celandine, belonging to the element of fire, helps to get rid of the effects of dark forces coming from under the ground, and also helps a person to rescue himself from prison.
- In addition, fresh Celandine, which a person wears right on his body is able to relieve depression.
*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.