The White pine, also known as eastern white pine, northern white pine, white pine, Weymouth pine, and soft pine is a tree that grows in the northeast of North America and in the southeastern provinces of Canada. It is less common in Mexico, Guatemala. The tree has a perfectly straight trunk, reaching 130-180 cm in girth. It can grow up to 67 meters in height. The crown of young tree is conical, with age it becomes rounded, and more often of an irregular shape. The color of the bark is slightly purple, the needles are straight or slightly curved, 6.5-10 cm long. The White pine grows very quickly, especially in the first 100 years. The White pine is widely used as lumber, as well as in forestry due to its numerous varieties. The Native Americans used the White pine's bark, cones, and leaves medicinally.
The White pine possesses expectorant, demulcent, diuretic properties, it is a useful remedy in coughs and colds, and has a beneficial effect on the bladder and kidneys.
The dried inner bark contains 10% tannin, some mucilage, an oleoresin, a glycoside and a volatile oil.
The White pine seeds are consumed raw or cooked, and to flavor cooking.
The fresh needles exceed the amount of vitamin C of lemons and oranges and are brewed into an excellent tea.
The tender new shoots are boiled in syrup to make candies, and sticky amber sap is used for chewing.
The inner bark is ground and added to soups and when making bread.
The White pine inner bark is beneficial with bladder, kidney complaints, sore throat, skin damages, it is a good pain reducer.