Latin Name: Achillea millefolium
Common Names: yarrow, common yarrow, 'little feather'
Origin: temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Asia, Europe, and North America
Parts used: herb, flowers, leaves
Botanical information: Yarrow is an herbaceous, perennial plant. Stems are erect and simple, 20-60 cm tall. Leaves look like fuzzy pipe cleaners. They are alternate, 3-15 cm long, lanceolate, pinnate and highly dissected. Numerous flowering heads are in flat or round-topped paniculate-corymbose inflorescence. Seeds are small, about 1.5-2 mm in length. The plant reproduces both by means of seeds, and vegetatively, with the help of roots. It grows in dry areas, grasslands, alpine areas, and tundra. It blooms from May to September.
Many consider yarrow a useless, weed plant. This opinion is completely in vain. After all, even the Latin name of the plant Achillea comes from the famous ancient Greek hero Achilles. A plant that was valued by the legendary heroes of Hellas cannot be ordinary. And it is really so.
Folk healers in the treatment for ailments have long used the yarrow plant. Well, it is no wonder because yarrow contains a huge number of active biological components. These are
- alkaloid ahilein
- organic acids (salicylic, formic, acetic and isovaleric)
- bitter principles
- mineral salts
- essential oils
- vitamins C and K
There are plant components, which are associated with individual medicinal properties of the yarrow. Thus, essential oils and flavonoids provide its cholagogue. Bitter principles provides irritation of taste buds and secretion of gastric juice. Vitamin K is useful for strengthening capillaries.
HEALTH BENEFITS OF YARROW
- promotes better metabolism
- improves appetite
- activates the activity of the digestive glands
- strengthens the lactation process
- accelerates blood clotting
- promotes wound healing
- improves blood circulation
- relieves painful menstruation
- has hemostatic effect in uterine bleeding
- reduces the level of toxins in the body
- increases immunity
- reduces the aggressiveness of gastric juice
- eliminates skin and hair problems
INDICATIONS FOR YARROW USAGE
kidney stone disease
gastrointestinal diseases and of hepatobiliary system
duodenal ulcer, gastritis, gastric ulcer, colitis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, hepatitis, diarrhea, flatulence, hemorrhoids;
boils, abscesses, infected wounds, acne and pustular rash, edema, bruises, allergic rashes, oily skin, skin peeling, dandruff, wrinkles, lichen
colds, bronchial asthma, tuberculosis
hypertension, thromboembolism, varicose veins
gynecological diseases and genitourinary system
painful menstruation, inflammation, cervical erosion, endometritis, endometriosis, fibrotic bleeding, colpitis, thrush, vulvitis, bartholinitis, cervicitis, diseases of the urino-genital organs, fibroids, menopause
diseases of the oral cavity
tooth pain, inflammation of the oral cavity, inflammation of the gums
flux, stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontitis, scurvy
diseases of the nervous system
dizziness, headaches, insomnia
diseases of bones and joints
YARROW DRUG INTERACTIONS
Major interaction with Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs):
Huge doses of yarrow can decline blood clotting. Contemporaneous taking of yarrow and medications that reduce blood clotting such as aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others, can enlarge the risks of bruising and bleeding.
Moderate interaction with Lithium:
Yarrow has a diuretic effect on the body. Its consumption has an impact on the process of getting rid of the lithium from the body. The lithium quantity can become greater and leads to high-priority side effects. Consult a doctor, perhaps you will need to change a dosage of lithium.
Moderate interaction with Sedative medications (Barbiturates):
Yarrow as well as sedative medications can cause tiredness and somnolence. Concurrent using of the yarrow and sedative medications can be the reason of a strong feeling of sleepiness. Before using, consult a doctor.
Minor interaction with Antacids:
Antacids are taken for reducing stomach acidity. However yarrow can enlarge the quantity of stomach acidity. Thereby yarrow can lessen the efficacy of antacids such as calcium carbonate (Tums, others), dihydroxyaluminum sodium carbonate (Rolaids, others), magaldrate (Riopan), magnesium sulfate (Bilagog), aluminum hydroxide (Amphojel), and others.
Minor interaction with Medications that decrease stomach acid (H2-Blockers):
Yarrow can enlarge the quantity of stomach acidity. As a result of increased rate of stomach acidity, yarrow can lessen the efficacy of medications that are used to reduce stomach acidity, called proton pump inhibitors, such as omeprazole (Prilosec), lansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (Aciphex), pantoprazole (Protonix), and esomeprazole (Nexium).
Yarrow has healing properties, as well contraindications. Yarrow preparations are forbidden during pregnancy and for children under 6 years. Do not apply the plant with arterial bleeding, increased acidity of the stomach, and heartburn. Yarrow should be taken with caution when having law blood pressure and the tendency of forming blood clots. There are some toxic substances in the plant leaves, thereby poisoning is possible with overdose.
POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Side effects occur seldom during using of yarrow preparations. They can appear mainly only when the dosage is exceeded and the drugs are used continuously. Side effects include the occurrence of rash, nausea and dizziness.
RECIPE OF YARROW TINCTURE
- 30 g of dried grass and flowers.
- 100 ml of alcohol or vodka.
- a vessel of appropriate size from a dark glass
Pour raw with alcohol and infuse for 10 days, strain.
Drink 30-40 drops 3-4 times a day before meals. It is better to mix needed amount of drops with a small quantity of water before consumption.
“Nature never goes out of style!”
*This article is for informational purposes only. We suggest consulting with a physician before using these or any other herbal supplements.